Dump Truck

The best dump trucks to handle your haul

A dump truck is the vehicle of choice for the transportation of loose material such as gravel, dirt or garbage. Most dump trucks have a simple design, including a cab that operates like most medium-sized construction vehicles, and a hydraulically powered bed with an open-box hinge. The hydraulics allow the truck bed to lift and "dump" its contents in a desired location.

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Some popular brands include Ford dump trucks, Sterling dump trucks and Kenworth dump trucks. There are a few different types of dump truck, and each one is geared toward a specific kind of job. Here are some kinds you might consider when looking into purchasing a new or used dump truck.

Standard Dump Truck

The typical dump truck fuses the truck chassis with the hydraulically powered open-box design. A hydraulic ram mounted between the cab and the bed pushes the gate open and causes the dump body to lift, disposing of the truck's contents. Most dump trucks have one front axle and one to two rear axles; the latter are sometimes powered independently, providing extra support when a load is heavy, and lifting off the pavement to prevent unnecessary wear when a load is light.

Standard dump trucks are actually two separate components, with the truck removable from the bed, and feature either six or ten wheel configurations. Because the standard dump truck is so popular, it shouldn't be difficult to have dump truck parts replaced, which is a good way to keep your vehicle maintained and you within your budget.

Articulated Dump Truck

One difference between an articulated dump truck and the standard design is that an articulated dump truck features a permanently fixed cab. Hydraulic rams act to steer the vehicle by pivoting the cab, another distinct quality compared to the rack and pinion steering used with most standard dump trucks. The articulated dump truck features a more durable design for rougher terrain and is often kept at a construction site, whereas standard dump trucks may be more appropriate for roads and highways.

Transfer Dump Truck

Simply put, a transfer dump truck is designed to pull a separate trailer behind it, allowing for additional towing of gravel, sand or asphalt. The backup container is also powered by hydraulics, electricity or a pneumatic motor to help it with the dumping process.

Super Dump Truck

Whereas the transfer dump truck features a trailing box, the super dump truck employs a trailing, liftable axle separated by 11 to 13 feet from the main truck. The extra axle allows a driver to pull dramatically more weight while staying under U.S. federal road standards, making the super dump truck ideal for the heaviest of conventional loads.

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